Most of the treatments of this disease are temporary. It can have adverse effects on the emotional condition of the person.
Clinical treatment is very expensive with creams that cost $30 to $200 per ointment.
It is advised to stay relaxed for the sufferers of the melasma as it is deteriorated by stress and anxiety. The stress reducing techniques are not enough to cure the disease. So one needs to have a holistic approach towards the treatment of the disorder
Avoid exposure to sunlight it can trigger the disorder. For the treatment bleaching agents are used.
Depigmentation agents, such as hydroquinone (HQ) are commonly available. But it better is used with consultation of an expert dermatologist to avoid spoiling the skin. It can cause darkening of the skin. It is prescribed to use hydrocortisone cream to get rid of irritation and stop depigmentation.
More such agents are tretinoin, ascorbic acid,kojic acid, 4-isopropylcatechol,phenolic-thioether and azelic acid.
Chemical peels are a advanced treatement to the disorder. A chemical solution is applied to the affected area. It is given enough time to permeate the skin surface. After it penetrates the skin, it peels off the damaged layer thus giving way for the growth of new skin layer that helps in getting rid of this problem on permanent basis. Chemical peels are of different kinds based o the use and
effects on the skin. Superficial peels are mildest of all chemical peels containing mild acids such as Glycolic acid. Trichloroacetic acid is medium one it uses Phenol as peeling agent.
Microdermabrasion, commonly known as Micoderm is a skin refreshing technique to combat hyperpigmentation. It uses a device like a sandblaster to spray crystals all over the affected area that removes dead layer. However it is carried out in more than one session to completely remove melasma.
There are other techniques as well such as, tropical steroids, natural supplements, laser and plastic surgery. Go for an effective treatment to say good bye to this disturbing disorder and live a normal life.